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Saturday, 26 November 2011

Nabito architects: landscape infrastructure

'landscape infrastructure' by nabito architects in anagni, italy
all images courtesy nabito architects

spain- and italy-based practice nabito architects has shared with us images of 'landscape infrastructure', 
a multi-level mixed-use building in anagni, italy. situated on the boundary between the city and the local
countryside, the design inserts itself into the landscape to secure views of the valle del sacco while
serving as a functional and spatial mediator between the two diverging characters of the site. 

rendered exterior view

read as an overlapping composition of four pentagonal volumes, the design opens up to the south side 
of the sloping plot with the back of the building retaining the soil of the plot. multiple terraced roofs 
and gardens extend out of the topography to dissolve the distinction between architecture and land. 
an open plaza space connects the buildings together with a fluid circulation while providing a 
public platform for meeting and interaction. 

conceived with a focus on sustainable design, the project utilizes solar orientation for natural daylighting 
and cross ventilation, with local stones and travertine for flooring. 

view from plaza

physical model

from above

glazed facade

schematic diagram

site plan

floor plan / level -2

floor plan / level -1

floor plan / level 0

floor plan / level +1

floor plan / level +2

roof level

longitudinal section

cross section

cross section

Shigeru ban: earthquake relief shipping container houses

'multistorey temporary housing' by shigeru ban architects located in onagawa, japan
images © shigeru ban architects

here is an update on our article published originally in august 2011:

last monday, japan times reported that miyagi, one of the three tohoku region prefectures hardest hit by the march 11 earthquake and tsunami, has completed construction of temporary housing for people affected by the disaster, leaving fukushima as the only prefecture yet to meet that need, as iwate finished such construction earlier.
people started to move into the final six buildings to be completed, comprising three stories — unseen in other disaster-hit areas —
for 144 households in onagawa. the town, surrounded by mountains, decided to build multistory structures in a ballpark to make full
use of available flat land.
the 'multi-storey housing' planned by japanese firm shigeru ban architects is a transient and quickly erected emergency housing structure for those in need of immediate disaster relief in japan. the project contains 188 homes and have been configured and constructed on site.
the dwellings are layered in a row like fashion with gaps separating the units creating a checkerboard pattern along the expansive facade.
the accumulated units reach a maximum of three floors due to uneven terrain therefore maintaining a low profile form capable of
withstanding earthquakes. the grounds surrounding the homes provide the temporary residents with a market, library and assembly space.
the possibility of remaining permanently is presented to the individuals as a long term solution to the projected shortages of shelter.

food market for residents

interior rendering

exterior of a single unit

living spaces

moveable dividing wall

site plan

floor plan / level 0

various plan configurations

various plan configurations


UNstudio: kutaisi airport

'kutaisi airport' by UNstudio - arrivals area
all images courtesy of UNstudio

the young state of georgia in the caucasus has gone through considerable development in recent years, 
with growing numbers of tourists discovering the country which is rich with history. as a result, 
there has been an increasing demand for airlines to fly there. for its geographical advantages and close proximity 
to two of the eurasian country's most important UNESCO monuments, its new parliamentary city kutaisi has been 
selected as the site for a new airport.

the design for the new transfer terminal and air traffic control tower for kutaisi airport has just been officially revealed 
by the president of georgia, mikheil saakashvili. conceived by dutch architecture firm UNstudio, it is set to serve domestic 
and global flights for use by international diplomats, national politicians and for tourism. the 4,000 m2 terminal building 
will house a number of program spaces including: arrival halls, a check-in area with lounge, café and car rental facilities; 
along with three gates for departure with retail, cafés, a CIP lounge area and exterior garden, an arrival area with customs 
and offices for the border police and an administration area with staff rooms and press conference facilities. 

in georgia, public buildings and private houses employ their entrance lobbies as a means of showcasing their individual identities. 
through their design, UNstudio embraces this architectural concept as a means of manifesting the country's young and dynamic democracy, 
along with its rapid development as a main crossing point in the region.

kutaisi airport departures area

incorporating both georgia's historic landscape and architecture into its design, the terminal refers to a pavilion, 
a gateway in which a clear structural layout creates an enveloping and protective volume structured around a central exterior space 
used by departing passengers. the transparent space around this central point is designed to ensure that the flows of passengers 
are smooth and that the circulation of departures and arrivals do not coincide. the axes incorporate views from the plaza to the apron 
and beyond to the caucasus on the horizon.  the overall layout organizes the logistical processes, and provides optimal security 
and ensures that the travelling person has sufficient space to circulate comfortable. serving as a lobby to georgia, 
the terminal could also operate as an art gallery, displaying works by local artists, further presenting the identity 
of contemporary georgian culture. 

the new airport aims to integrate both local and international elements of sustainability. an on-site underground source 
of natural water provides the basis for the reduction of energy consumption through concrete core activation. 
this water will be utilized in the floors of both the terminal and air traffic control tower, maintaining a regulated temperature 
in the two volumes. the cantilevered roofs of the terminal building provide sun shading on south and southwest zones.
a hybrid low pressure ventilation system will be incorporated into the terminal's main structure, as well as a grey water
collection system located in the floor beneath. large areas of PV-cells on the roof's surface may also be implemented 
to further reduce energy consumption. 

airport traffic control tower

the air traffic control tower stands at 55 metres high, 300 m2 and has been designed to compliment the terminal.
the traffic control cabin located on the top level of the structure, forms the focal point, offering a spacious and comfortable 
interior ensuring a workspace of optimal concentration. the tower's exterior is clad with a transparent skin that has the potential 
to change color whenever there is a fluctuation in traffic. the centre will function as a light beacon to the sky for the airport,
but also from the road to and from kutaisi. 1,500 m2 of supporting office spaces will be housed in a nearby building.

kutaisi airport will be georgia's first to have a strict segregation of waste. the aim is to establish a recycling system 
which could be further implemented into new and existing projects in georgia. construction is set to begin in december 2011,
and is scheduled for operation in september 2012.


'the design for the new terminal in kutaisi focuses first and foremost on the experience of the traveller by creating an inviting,
safe, transparent and user-friendly airport. the desire to provide for and communicate equally with both international visitors
and the local community is paramount. it was particularly exciting for me to be able to design an airport which is not only linked
to the new seat of parliament in kutaisi, but which also creates an entrance condition which functions as a port for the
international community. the airport presents a symbolic infrastructural gateway to georgia and, from there, to the rest of the world.
the design for the new airport embraces the traveller by embodying the circumstance of the site. moments of both leaving and returning
are celebrated by the large span, open spaces and high ceiling of the terminal structure - reflecting the ways in which such gestures
were employed in the great railway stations of the past.
' - ben van berkel, UNstudio

ground floor plan

gate diagram

diagram of the program spaces

project info:

client terminal: united airports of georgia llc
client air traffic control tower and offices: sakaeronavigatsia ltd.
location: kutaisi, georgia
building surface: terminal 4.000m2, control tower and offices 1.750m2
height air traffic control tower: 55m
building site: 11.000 m2
programme: international airport terminal, air traffic control tower and offices for navigation
status: concept design 2011, construction 2012

UNstudio: ben van berkel, gerard loozekoot with frans van vuure and filippo lodi, tina kortmann, roman kristesiashvili, gustav fagerström, 
wendy van der knijff, machiel wafelbakker, deepak jawahar

Fantastic norway architects: mountain hill cabin

'mountain hill cabin' by fantastic norway architects, ål, norway
all images courtesy of fantastic norway architects

'mountain hill cabin' is a seasonal residence by oslo-based practice fantastic norway to be constructed within a
highly restricted mountainous terrain in ål, norway. accessible solely by skis during the winter months,
the dwelling will support the inhabitants activities of skiing and sledge riding along with outdoor picnics overlooking
the scenery from a terrace upon the structure. strict building regulations led to the outward form's height along
with consideration for snow loads and harsh weather conditions.

extending from the 23 degree angle of the gable roof, the eaves continue into the ground, appearing as though
the house has emerged from the earth similar to the mountains in the distance. the resulting uplifts are faced
with windows and oriented to direct views towards the encompassing landscape.

illuminated from the interior at dusk

site plan

floor plan / level 0

floor plan / level 1








conceptual diagram